Bihar (@6.5) vs West Bengal (@1.33)
25-09-2019

Our Prediction:

West Bengal will win

Bihar – West Bengal Match Prediction | 25-09-2019 02:00

Administration by governors appointed by the court of the Mughal Empire gave way to semi-independence under the Nawabs of Murshidabad, who nominally respected the sovereignty of the Mughals in Delhi. In the 16thcentury, Mughal general Islam Khan conquered Bengal. Several independent Hindu states were established in Bengal during the Mughal period, including those of Pratapaditya of Jessore District and Raja Sitaram Ray of Bardhaman. Subsequent Muslim conquests helped spread Islam throughout the region.[59] It was ruled by dynasties of the Bengal Sultanate and feudal lords under the Delhi Sultanate for the next few hundred years. The Bengal Sultanate was interrupted for twenty years by a Hindu uprising under Raja Ganesha.

In early summer, brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi, or Nor'westers, often occur.[103] West Bengal receives the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian Ocean monsoon that moves in a southeast to northwest direction. Heavy rainfall of above 250 centimetres (98in) is observed in the Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Cooch Behar district. During the arrival of the monsoons, low pressure in the Bay of Bengal region often leads to the formation of storms in the coastal areas. Monsoons bring rain to the whole state from June to September. While the summer in the delta region is noted for excessive humidity, the western highlands experience a dry summer like northern India. The main seasons are summer, the rainy season, a short autumn, and winter. West Bengal's climate varies from tropical savanna in the southern portions to humid subtropical in the north. The highest daytime temperatures range from 38C (100F) to 45C (113F).[102] At night, a cool southerly breeze carries moisture from the Bay of Bengal. Winter (DecemberJanuary) is mild over the plains with average minimum temperatures of 15C (59F).[102] A cold and dry northern wind blows in the winter, substantially lowering the humidity level.

Years after independence, West Bengal is dependent on the central government for help in meeting its demands for food; food production remained stagnant, and the Indian green revolution bypassed the state. However, there has been a significant increase in food production since the 1980s, and the state now has a surplus of grains.[138] The state's share of total industrial output in India was 9.8% in 19801981, declining to 5% by 19971998.

The British East India Company defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the last independent Nawab, in the Battle of Plassey in 1757. The company gained the right to collect revenue in Bengal subah (province) in 1765 with the signing of the treaty between the East India company and the Mughal emperor following the Battle of Buxar in 1764.[62] The Bengal Presidency was established in 1765; it later incorporated all British-controlled territory north of the Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh), from the mouths of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra to the Himalayas and the Punjab. Several European traders reached this area in the late 15thcentury.

TMC lok Sabha Election result 2019: BJP is putting up a tough fight in West Bengal

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Just like Durga Puja, Christmas in Kolkata is an occasion when all communities and people of every religion take part. The state invites musical groups from Darjeeling and other North East India states to perform choir recitals, carols, and jazz numbers.[226]Buddha Purnima, which marks the birth of Gautama Buddha, is one of the most important Hindu/Buddhist festivals and is celebrated with much gusto in the Darjeeling hills. On this day, processions begin at the various Buddhist monasteries, or gumpas, and congregate at the Chowrasta (Darjeeling) Mall. The state tourism department organises a gala Christmas Festival every year in Park Street.[225] The whole of Park Street is hung with colourful lights, and food stalls sell cakes, chocolates, Chinese cuisine, momo, and various other items. Christmas, called Bodin (Great day) is perhaps the next major festival celebrated in Kolkata, after Durga Puja. The Lamas chant mantras and sound their bugles, and students, as well as people from every community, carry the holy books or pustaks on their heads.

I myself have never shown any interest in visiting Benaras. Certain rituals are considered as a part of culture and although followed, are not given much importance. The reason is simple- in Bihar the main religion is Brahmanism mixed with Vaishnavism. A young religious person is called joker. Bengalis in general are not religious. Biharis are religious. I wont say Brahmanism because priests are considered illiterates. I wont say Bengalis are spiritual, but no doubt, many are not ritualistic. Shaktism has a touch of non religiosity and is spiritual. I support this attitude. For them, its Hindi Hinduism. Young Biharis are much more religious than young Bengalis. Young generation of Bengalis dont have much interest in cities like Kashi and Benaras. Ritualism is less. In Bengal, its Shaktism.

There is a gender disparity in school attendance in the 6 to 14-year age group, more girls than boys are attending school. School attendance is almostuniversal among the 6 to 14-year age group then drops to 70% with the 15 to 17-year age group. In Bengal, 71% of women aged 1549 years and 81% of men aged 1549 years are literate. Only 14% of women aged 1549 years in West Bengal have completed 12 or more years of schooling, compared with 22% of men. As of 2016 85% of children within the 6 to 17-year age group attend school (86% do so in urban areas and 84% in rural areas).

Instruction is mainly in English or Bengali, though Urdu is also used, especially in Central Kolkata. West Bengal schools are run by the state government or private organisations, including religious institutions.

Economy

I will give an example. Upper middle class Bengalis and lower middle class Bengalis dont mix much. If a Bengali officer is fighting with a Bihari rickshawalla, the Bengali rickshawalla will support the Bihari rickshawalla. Class is over race and religion. The low income groups hate high income group. Hardly any Bengali in city , who has stayed for 2 generations, have any contact with their relatives in village. Class and current city. There is class hatred. Villages are a part of Bihari culture. Nearly every city Bihari has relatives in villages. Class is very important in Bengal.

The region was part of several ancient panIndian empires, including the Mauryans and Guptas. The Mughal Bengal was heralded by Aurangzeb as the "paradise of the nations",[12] since it was the empire's most economically developed province. Later, occasional Muslim raiders reinforced the process of conversion by building mosques, madrasas, and khanqahs. During the Islamic Bengal Sultanate, founded in 1352, Bengal was major trading nation in the world and was often referred by the Europeans as the richest country to trade with. Ancient Bengal was the site of several major Janapadas (kingdoms), while the earliest cities date back to the Vedic period. Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate, but following the early conquest of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, it spread across the entire Bengal region. Simultaneously, some parts of the region were ruled by several Hindu states, and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, and part of it was briefly overrun by the Suri Empire. It was absorbed into the Mughal Empire in 1576. It was also a bastion of regional kingdoms. The area's early history featured a succession of Indian empires, internal squabbling, and a tussle between Hinduism and Buddhism for dominance. The citadel of Gauda served as the capital of the Gauda Kingdom, the Buddhist Pala Empire (8th11th century) and Hindu Sena Empire (11th12th century).

Native Magahi speakers are found in Malda district.[164]Surjapuri, a language considered to be a mix of Maithili and Bengali, is spoken across northern parts of the state.[165] The Darjeeling district also has a large Nepali immigrant population, making Nepali a widely spoken language there. According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth-most-populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population).[2]Bengalis, consisting of Bengali Hindus, Bengali Muslims, Bengali Christians and a few Bengali Buddhists, comprise the majority of the population.[163]Marwari, Maithil and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmos, and ethnic Tibetans can be found in the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region. West Bengal is also home to indigenous tribal Adivasis such as: Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Bhumij, Lodha, Kol, and Toto tribe.

Other higher education institutes of importance in West Bengal include: St. Xavier's College, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (the first IIM), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Statistical Institute, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (the first IIT), Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (the first IIEST), Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, and West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences.

The capital and largest city of the state is Kolkatathe third-largest urban agglomeration[125] and the seventh-largest city[126] in India.